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Home  > News Archive > Ceramic Flooring
 

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Ceramic Flooring

03.07.2016

Ceramic is a durable, hard surface tile material. It is made predominantly from refined clay, mixed with a variety of natural sediments including ground shale, gypsum, talc, and gritty sand particles. This is then stirred together with water to create a mix that is called a “bisque.” The bisque is forced through a die, which is a mould of the shape that the tile will take on. It is then fired in a kiln in order to set the bisque, and harden the material. The heat of the flames used, as well as the length that it is cooked for will vary depending on the exact type of material being manufactured.  

 

Unglazed Ceramic: (Sometimes known as quarry tile) Made from standard red clay materials, unglazed ceramics do not have a surface coating, and so retain the natural look of the materials used in their manufacture. While the tile itself is quite hard, the lack of glazing does leave the surface prone to stains and moisture penetration. As such these tiles need to be sealed periodically and the best way is to apply a metallised emulsion, Nova Longlife etc. and then maintained with Novacare or Novatron. 

 

Glazed Ceramic: This is formed from the same clay bisque mix, fired into a very hard, durable material. However these tiles get a melted glass glaze, which is layered over the surface of the piece. This glaze not only protects the ceramic, making it impregnable to water and stains, but it can also be printed with a variety of vibrant, eye catching colours, patterns, and natural surface imitations.In this instance there should be less need for the floor to be sealed as long as it is cleaned/maintained correctly either using a neutral chemical mix (Nova 99) or even Novacare which allows for it to be buffed to improve the shine. these products will not affect the colour of the floor. If the floor becomes old and porous then it may be advantageous to seal it and best to use a coat of Novacryl followed by a coat of the preferred Longlife and then maintained in the normal way.